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While we cannot rule out the possibility that some Caddo potters may have been men, early and later historic accounts that mention pottery making, associate the activity with women. The small bowl on the left is from the Hatchel site (Upper Nasoni village) on Red River, Bowie County, Texas. The one in the middle is from a site on Cypress Creek, Cass County, Texas, while the one on the right is from the Taylor Farm site in the Sabine River drainage in Harrison County, Texas. Click on images to see enlarged views and more details. These two and another similar pot are in the Brooklyn Museum and were collected by medical doctor.Unusual bottle resembling a corn cob stripped of its kernels. This olla has a short neck with a flaring rim and a small mouth. The vessel form and decorative designs are immediately recognizable as Caddo in origin and probably derived from one of the Kadohadacho groups. Why do the archeologists who study the ancient Caddo spend such an inordinate amount of time and effort excavating, reconstructing, and studying Caddo pottery?No grand synthesis has been written about Caddo pottery and there may never be one simply because the topic is so immense.Early historic accounts and cross-cultural studies suggest that the Caddo pottery tradition was created and maintained by women, as is the case among most comparable societies in the pre-industrial world.
As archeologists see it, Caddo potters made two kinds of pottery, fine ware and coarse ware or utilitarian pottery.He bases this idea on the finding of a grave at the Ferguson site in southwest Arkansas that contained three skeletons accompanied by large lumps and smaller patties of unfired clay (of two types), and five smooth pebbles.