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In 1997 Pope John Paul II created an Apostolic Exarchate of Kosice, Slovakia, from territory taken from the Prešov diocese.The Pope also beatified Bishop Gojdic in 2001 and Bishop Hopko in 2003.In the 2001 Slovak census, 24,000 people claimed Rusyn ethnicity.By 2006 the two jurisdictions in Slovakia had about 218,000 faithful and 256 parishes served by 386 diocesan and 34 religious priests.Most of their church buildings, however, remained in the hands of the Orthodox.Under the new non-communist Slovak government, most of these had been returned to the Slovak Greek Catholic Church by 1993.
Yugoslavia, the “land of the Southern Slavs,” was the fruit of an intellectual concept born in Europe in the 19th century.
Until its dismemberment in 1991, the Yugoslav experiment proved defective, as rival groups jostled one another for supremacy.
Despite the Yugoslav collapse, its former constituents turned on one another in a bloodletting that did not abate until the new millennium.
The Prešov diocese includes a considerable number of ethnic Rusyn Greek Catholics.
In recent times, however, they have been absorbed into Slovak culture to a certain extent, as very few religious books are available in Rusyn, and the liturgy is almost always celebrated in either Church Slavonic or Slovak.
A Greek Catholic Theological College was founded in Prešov in 1880. In 1990, after the fall of communism, the Greek Catholic theological school was revived and incorporated into the Pavol Jozef Safarik University of Kosice.